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Robert Price Beyond Born Again Footnote



Beyond Born Again

Footnote References


  1. Malcolm Boyd, Christian, Its Meanings in an Age of Future Shock (New York: Hawthorn Bokos, 1975), p. 70.
  2. Clark H. Pinnock, Biblical Revelation– The Foundation of Christian Theology (Chicago: Moody Press, 1976), p. 14.
  3. Carl F. H. Henry, Frontiers in Modern Theology (Chicago: Moody Press, 1968), pp. 152-153.

Chapter 1

  1. Larry Norman, “The Great American Novel” (Strawbed Music, 1972).
  2. Frank and Ida Mae Hammond, Pigs in the Parlor, A Practical Guide to Deliverance (Kirkwood, MO: Impact Books, 1973), p. 18.
  3. Bill Bright, How to Walk in the Spirit ([n.p.] Campus Crusade for Christ, 1971), p. 35.
  4. L. Gilbert Little, Nervous Christians (Chicago: Moody Press, 1956), p. 12.
  5. Jay Adams, Christ and Your Problems (Nutley, NJ: Presbyterian & Reformed Publishing Co., 1971), p. 18.
  6. Ronald M. Enroth, Edward E. Ericson, Jr., and C. Breckinridge Peters, The Jesus People (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1972), p. 162.
  7. Daniel B. Stevick, Beyond Fudnamentalism (Richmond, VA: John Knox Press, 1964), p. 188; see also Keith Miller and Bruce Larson, The Edge of Adventure (Waco, TX: Word Books, 1977), pp. 171.
  8. Bill Bright, How to Experience God’s Love and Forgiveness ([n.p.] Campus Crusade for Christ, 1971), pp. 6, 14-16.
  9. Tim LaHaye, Ten Steps to Victory over Depression (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1974), p. 18.
  10. John R. Rice, When A Christian Sins (Chicago: Moody Press, 1954), p. 41.
  11. Jay Adams, The Use of the Scriptures in Counseling (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1976), p. 12.
  12. Little, p. 18; cf. also e.g., pp. 25, 64.
  13. R. B. Thieme, Satanic Plot (Houston, TX: Berachah Church, 1971), p. 10.
  14. Don Basham, Deliver Us from Evil (New York: Bantam Books, 1977), pp. 105, 108; see also Pat Brooks, Using Your Spiritual Authority (Monroeville, PA: Banner, 1973), pp. 67-69, 74; see also Frank and Ida Mae Hammond, pp. 113ff.
  15. Rice, p. 120.



  1. Rice, pp. 122-123.
  2. Thieme, p. 21.
  3. Vernon Grounds, Emotional Problems and the Gospel (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1976), p. 102; see also Phillip J. Swihart, How to Live with Your Feelings (Downers Grove, IL: IVP [Inter Varsity Press], 1977), p. 56.
  4. Phillip J. Swihart, p. 56; also see Merlin R. Carothers, Bringing Heaven into Hell (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1976), p. 65.
  5. Peter Gillquist, Handbook for Spiritual Survival (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975), p. 82.
  6. Jay Adams, What do You do When You Become Depressed? (Nutley, NJ: Presbyterian & Reformed Publishing Co., 1975), n.p.
  7. Grounds, pp. 27ff.
  8. Adams, Use of the Scriptures, pp. 4, 5, 6.
  9. Grounds, p. 18.
  10. Bill Gothard, Institute in Basic Youth Conflicts (Seminar Syllabus) (LaGrange, IL: Institute in Basic Youth Conflicts, [n.d.]), n.p.
  11. Thieme, p. 9.
  12. George W. Dollar, A History of Fundamentalism in America (Greenville, SC: Bob Jones University Press, 1973), p. 269.
  13. Little, p. 71.
  14. Walter J. Hollenweger, The Pentecostals (Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1973), p. 380.
  15. Sigmund Freud, New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, quoted in James D. Mallory, The Kink and I (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1975), p. 67.
  16. Gillquist, pp. 36, 47.
  17. Quoted in Wilfred Bockelman, Gothard: the Man and His Ministry: An Evaluation (Santa Barbara: Quill Publications, 1976), p. 93.
  18. Larry Norman, “Reader’s Digest” (Strawbed Music, 1972).
  19. Mary Douglas, “Primitive Thought-Worlds,” in Ronald Roberson (ed.), Sociology of Religion (Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1969) pp. 79-99.
  20. Merlin R. Carothers, Prison to Praise (Plainfield, NJ: Logos International, 1971), p. 66.
  21. Carothers, Bringing Heaven, p. 90.
  22. Frances Gardner Hunter, Praise The Lord Anyway (New York: Family Library, 1973), pp. 29-31.
  23. Quoted in Bockelman, Gothard, p. 117.
  24. Eli S. Chesen, Religion May Be Hazardous to Your Health (New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1974), p. 102.



  1. Merlin R. Carothers, Power in Praise (Plainfield, NJ: Logos International, 1972), p. 79.
  2. Ibid., p. 104.
  3. Carothers, Prison to Praise, p. 68.
  4. Carothers, Power in Praise, p. 108.
  5. Gillquist, p. 88.
  6. LaHaye, p. 15.
  7. Quoted in Bockelman, Gothard, p. 117.
  8. John P. Kildahl, The Psychology of Speaking in Tongues (New York: Harper & Row, 1972), p. 50.
  9. Adams, Use of the Scriptures, p. 37.
  10. Little, pp. 50, 89.
  11. Gothard, n.p.
  12. Mabel Williamson, “Have We No Rights?” (Chicago: Moody Press, 1957), (cover blurb).
  13. Swihart, p. 12.
  14. Gothard, n.p.
  15. Rice, pp. 11, 110.
  16. Carothers, Bringing Heaven, pp. 62, 38.
  17. Adams, What do You do?, p. 10.
  18. Gillquist, p. 57.
  19. Kenneth E. Hagin, Authority of the Believer (Tulsa, OK: Kenneth Hagin Evangelistic Assn., 1975), p. 21.
  20. Kenneth E. Hagni, What Faith Is (Tulsa, OK: Kenneth Hagin Evangelistic Assn., 1976); also “Practicing Faith” (taped lecture); see also Carothers, Prison to Praise, p. 68.
  21. Frank and Ida Mae Hammond, p. 10.
  22. Thieme, p. 7.
  23. Swihart, p. 13.
  24. Frank and Ida Mae Hammond, pp. 113ff.
  25. See list of safeguards in Brooks, p. 98; see also Basham, p. 148.
  26. Carothers, Bringing Heaven, p. 93.
  27. Gillquist, p. 45.
  28. Rice, pp. 35ff; see also Gillquist, p. 45.
  29. Gothard, n.p.
  30. Gothard, n.p.; see also Carothers, Bringing Heaven, p. 100.
  31. Brooks, p. 45.
  32. Carothers, Bringing Heaven, p. 90.



  1. Carothers, Bringing Heaven, p. 103.
  2. Carothers, Power in Priase, p. 84.
  3. Bright, How to Walk in the Spirit, p. 42.
  4. Carothers, Bringing Heaven, p. 77.
  5. Gillquist, pp. 102-103.
  6. Rice, pp. 122-123.
  7. Gordon W. Allport, The Individual and His Religion (New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1974), p. 62.
  8. Paul Tillich, Dynamics of Faith (New York: Harper & Row, 1958), p. 106.
  9. Chesen, p. 27.
  10. “The New Rebel Cry: Jesus is Coming!,” Time (June 21, 1971), p. 63.
  11. Kildahl, p. 60.
  12. Quoted in Bockelman, Gothard, pp. 140-141.
  13. O. Quentin Hyder, The Christian’s Handbook of Psychiatry (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1974), p. 153.
  14. Bruce Larson, No Longer Strangers (Waco, TX: Word Books, 1974), p. 118; see also Miller and Bruce Larson, p. 182.
  15. Bruce Larson, p. 117.
  16. Miller and Bruce LArson, pp. 121, 180, 193.
  17. Bruce Larson, pp. 22ff.
  18. Keith Miller, The Becomers (Waco, TX: Word Books, 1977), n.p.
  19. Hyder, p. 158.
  20. Mallory, pp. 71-72.
  21. Bruce Larson, p. 94.
  22. Hyder, p. 186.
  23. Gary Collins, How to Be a People Helper (Santa Ana, CA: Vision House, 1976), p. 170.
  24. Mallory, p. 75.
  25. Yves Congar quoted in John A. T. Robinson, Honest to God (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1963), p. 137.
  26. Miller and Bruce Larson, pp. 189-1890; see also Cecil Osborne, The Art of Understanding Yourself (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1976), p. 20; see also Mallory, p. 55.
  27. Bruce Larson, p. 73.
  28. Osborne, p. 16.
  29. Miller and Bruce Larson, p. 190.
  30. Bruce Larson, pp. 51, 55.



  1. Swihart, pp. 21, 36, 45.
  2. Tim LaHaye, Transformed Temperaments (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House, 1974), p. 18.
  3. Van A. Harvey, The Historian and the Believer, (New York: Macmillan Co., 1972), pp. 187-194.
  4. Little, p. 102.
  5. Collins, p. 170; see also Bockelman, p. 53.
  6. Joseph Fletcher, Situation Ethics, the New Morality (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1966), p. 158.
  7. Abraham Maslow, Religions, Values, and Peak-Experiences (New York: Viking Press, 1974), p. 52; cf. also Allport, p. 3.
  8. “Obey Thy Husband,” Time (May 20, 1974), p. 64.
  9. J. Rinzema, The Sexual Revolution (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974), p. 105.
  10. Fletcher, p. 60.
  11. Chesen, p. 84.
  12. Donald G. Bloesch, The Evangelical Renaissance (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1973), p. 142.
  13. James Barr, The Bible and the Modern World (New York: Harper & Row, 1973), p. 142.
  14. Charles H. Kraft, Christianity in Culture: A Study in Dynamic Biblical Theologizing in Cross-Cultural Perspective (Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 1979_, Ch. 7, “Supracultural Meanings via Cultural Forms,” pp. 116-146, especially pp. 131-143.

Chapter 2

  1. See Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann, The Social Construction of Reality (Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1967).
  2. Robert S. Ellwood, One Way: The Jesus Movement and Its Meaning (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1973), p. 31.
  3. “Counting Souls,” Time (October 4, 1976), p. 75.
  4. James Barr, Fundamentalism (London: SCM Press, 1977), p. 104.
  5. Bob Larson, Rock & Roll, the Devil’s Diversion (McCook, NE: Bob Larson, 1970), pp. 159, 155, 159.
  6. Frank Garlock, The Big Beat, a Rock Blast (Greenville, SC: Bob Jones University Press, 1971), p. 26.
  7. Francis A. Schaeffer, Art & the Bible (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 1977), p. 43.
  8. Bockelman, p. 93.
  9. Kenneth G. Howkins, The Challenge of Religious Studies (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 1973), pp. 3, 5.
  10. Leon Festinger, Henry W. Riecken, and Stanley Schachter,



When Prophecy Fails (New York: Harper & Row, 1964), p. 28.

  1. Ellwood, p. 34.
  2. John Lofland, Doomsday Cult, A Study of Conversion, Proselytization, and Maintenance of Faith (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1966), pp. 209, 208.
  3. Francis A. Schaeffer, Escape from Reason (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 1977), pp. 82, 61, 66.
  4. James W. Sire, The Universe Next Door: A Basic Worldview Catalog (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 1977), p. 14.
  5. Os Guiness, The Dust of Death (Downers Grove: IVP, 1973), p. 317.
  6. Walter R. Martin, The Kingdom of the Cults (Minneapolis: Bethany Fellowship, 1974), pp. 25-26.
  7. James Bjornstad, Twentieth Century Prophecy (New York: Pyramid Books, 1970), pp. 120, 256.
  8. John Weldon and Zola Levitt, UFO’s, What on Earth is Happening? (New York: Bantam Books, 1976), p. 144.
  9. Berger and Luckmann, p. 103.
  10. Ellwood, p. 31.
  11. Arthur Wallis, in Preface to Frank Bartleman, Another Wave Rolls In! (Northridge, CA: Voice Publications, 1970), p. 5.
  12. Francis A. Schaeffer, How Should We Then Live? (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1976), p. 13.
  13. Robert M. Price, “The Return of the Navel: The ‘Omphalos’ Argument in Contemporary Creationism,” Creation/Evolution, Fall, 1980; “Old-Time Religion and the New Physics,” Creation/Evolution, Summer, 1982; “Scientific Creationism and the Science of Creative Intelligence,” Creation/Evolution, Winter 1982; “Creationism and Fundamentalist Apologetics: Two Branches of the Same Tree,” Creation/Evolution, Fall, 1984.

    Really, any issue of this journal contains abundant and detailed refutations of the so-called Creation Science and its fraudulent claims. In fact, it’s like shooting fish in a barrel.

  14. Jan Vansina, Oral Tradition as History (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985), pp. 117-118.
  15. Ralph Martin, Unless the Lord Build the House: The Church and the New Pentecost (Notre Dame: Ave Maria Press, 1977), p. 11.
  16. David F. Wright, “James Barr on ‘Fundamentalism’– a Review Article,” Themelios (Fall, 1978), p. 88.

Chapter 3

  1. See John Warwick Montgomery, Principalities and Powers: A New Look at the World of the Occult (Minneapolis: Bethany Fellowship, 1975), pp. 168-170.
  2. See Demon Experience [A Compilation] (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House, 1972) for examples.



  1. Peter L. Berger, A Rumor of Angels, Modern Society and the Rediscovery of the Supernatural (Garden City: Doubleday, 1970), p. 42.
  2. John Warwick Montgomery (ed.), Demon Possession (Minneapolis: Bethany Fellowship, 1976), pp. 260-261.

Chapter 4

  1. Richard J. Coleman, Issues of Theological Warfare, Evangelicals and Liberals (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974), p. 44.
  2. Wilhelm Herrmann, The Communion of the Christian with God (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1971), p. 283.
  3. I owe the analogy of the “imaginary playmate” to Jeff Gregg, a student of psychology.
  4. Herrmann, p. 281.
  5. C. S. Lewis, The Screwtape Letters (New York: Macmillan Co., 1970), pp. 21-22.
  6. See Chapter 12, “Claims to ‘Know’ Christ,” in Don Cupitt, Christ and the Hiddenness of God (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1971), pp. 184-197.
  7. Miles J. Stanford, The Green Letters (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1976), p. 37. This book is also current under the title Principles of Spiritual Growth.
  8. Watchman Nee, The Normal Christian Life (Wheaton: Tyndale House, and Fort Washington: Christian Literature Crusade, 1983), pp. 181-182.
  9. Stanford, p. 36.
  10. Johannes Weiss, Jesus’ Proclamation of the Kingdom of God (Philadelphia: Fortress PRess, 1971), pp. 74-76.
  11. Rudolf Bultmann, Theology of the New Testament, vol. 1 (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1951), p. 332.
  12. Claude Levi-Strauss, Structural Anthropology (Garden City: Doubleday, 1967), Chapter X, “The Effectiveness of Symbols,” pp. 181-201.
  13. Nee, p. 75.

Chapter 5

  1. Clark H. Pinnock, Set Forth Your Case (Chicago: Moody Press, 1978), p. 99.
  2. Josh McDowell, More Evidence That Demands a Verdict ([n.p.]: Campus Crusade for Christ International, 1975), p. 205.
  3. John Warwick Montgomery, History & Christianity (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 1974), p. 37.
  4. A. H. McNeile, An Introduction to the Study of the New Testament,



second edition, revised by C. S. C. Williams (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1953), p. 54.

  1. F. F. Bruce, Tradition: Old and New (Grand Rapid: Zondervan, 1970), p. 41; Jon A. Buell and O. Quentin Hyder, Jesus: God, Ghost or Guru? (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978), pp. 70-71.
  2. Gershom Scholem, Sabbatai Sevi, the Mystical Messiah (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973), pp. 252, 265.
  3. Ibid., pp. 390, 535, 375, 605.
  4. Gershom Scholem, Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism (New York: Schocken Books, 1973), pp. 82, 99.
  5. Vittorio Lanternari, The Religions of the Oppressed, A Study Of Modern Messianic Cults (New York: New American Library, 1965), pp. 25-26ff; see also G. C. Oosthuizen, Post-Christianity in Africa (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1968), p. 40; see also Marie-Louise Martin, Kimbangu, an African Prophet and his Church (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1976), pp. 73-75.
  6. Robert A. Moore and Robert M. Price, “Branham’s Legacy,” forthcoming in Pneuma: The Journal of the Society for Pentecostal Studies; see also C. Douglas Weaver, The Healer-Prophet, William Marrion Branham: A Study of the Prophetic in American Pentecostalism (Macon: Mercer University Press, 1987), p. 156.
  7. Ed Sanders, The Family (New York: Avon Books, 1972), p. 133.
  8. Montgomery, History & Christianity, p. 32.
  9. Ibid., p. 37
  10. Edwin M. Yamauchi, Jesus, Zoroaster, Socrates, Buddha, Muhammad (Downers Grove: IVP, 1977), p. 9.
  11. Wilbur Smith, Have You Considered Him? A Brief for Christianity (Downers Grove: IVP, 1972), pp. 5-6.
  12. Edwin M. Yamauchi, “A Secret Gospel of Jesus as ‘Magus’? A Review of Some of the Recent Works of Morton Smith,” Christian Scholars Reviews, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1975, p. 248.
  13. Yamauchi, Jesus, Zoroaster, p. 13.
  14. F. F. Bruce, The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable? (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1972), p. 45.
  15. Scholem, Sabbatai Sevi, p. 252.
  16. Hippolyte Delehaye, The Legends of the Saints (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1961), pp. 16-17.
  17. Bruce, New Testament Documents, p. 46.
  18. Scholem, Sabbatai Sevi, p. 612.
  19. See Leon Festinger, Henry W. Riecken, and Stanley Schachter, When Prophecy Fails, A Social and Psychological Study of a Modern Group that Predicted the Destruction of the World (New York: Harper & Row, 1976).



  1. Scholem, Sabbatai Sevi, p. 215.
  2. Ibid., p. 411.
  3. Henry Ansgar Kelly, The Devil, Demonology and Witchcraft: The Development of Christian Belief in Evil Spirits (garden City: Doubleday, 1974), p. 95.
  4. Haim Shaked, The Life of the Sudanese Mahdi (New Brunswick: Transaction Books, 1978), pp. 60-61.
  5. Lucian, The Death of Peregrinus, sections 37-43, Lionel Casson (ed. and trans.), Selected Satires of Lucian (New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 1968), pp. 379-380.
  6. David F. Hall, Susan J. McFeaters, and Elizabeth F. Loftus, “Alterations in Recollections of Unusual and Unexpected Events,” Journal of Scientific Exploration, Vol. 1., Sampler, 1987, p. 2.
  7. Bruce, New Testament Documents, p. 46.
  8. F. F. Bruce, Paul and Jesus (Grand Rapids: Eerdmands, 1974), p. 70.
  9. I. Howard Marshall, I Believe in the Historical Jesus (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1977), p. 195; see also Montgomery, History and Christianity, pp. 37-38.
  10. Vincent Taylor, The Formation of the Gospel Tradition (London: Macmillan & Co., 1957), p. 41.
  11. Robert D. Smith, Comparative Miracles (St. Louis, MO: B. Herder Book Co., 1965), pp. 131-132.
  12. Vansina, pp. 129-130.
  13. George Eldon Ladd, The New Testament and Criticism (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1978), pp. 153, 163.

Chapter 6

  1. J. N. D. Anderson, The Evidence for the Resurrection (Downers Grove: IVP, 1974), p. 9.
  2. Ibid.
  3. John Warwick Montgomery, Where iis History Going (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1972), p. 82.
  4. Michael Green, “Jesus in the New Testament,” in Green (ed.), The Truth of God Incarnate (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1977), p. 36.
  5. Anderson, Evidence, p. 11.
  6. The most convenient place to find this test is in David L. Dungan and David R. Cartlidge, Sourcebook of Texts for the Comparative Study of the Gospels (Missoula, MT: Scholars Press, 1974), p. 155.
  7. Ibid., pp. 295-296.
  8. Anderson, Evidence, p. 10.
  9. Ibid., p. 19.



  1. John R. W. Stott, Basic Christianity (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1959), p. 51; also F. F. Bruce quotes A. T. Olmstead (Jesus in the Light of History, 1942, p. 248) to the same effect: “the narrative of the empty tomb in chapter xx is ‘told by an undoubted eyewitness– full of life, and lacking any detail to which the sceptic might take justifiable objection'” (Bruce, New Testament Documents, p. 49).
  2. Dungan and Cartlidge, p. 157.
  3. Mary R. Lefkowtiz and Maureen B. Fant (eds.), Women’s Life in Greece and Rome (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1982), p. 122.
  4. Anderson, Evidence, p. 21.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Scholem, Sabbatai Sevi, pp. 417, 446.
  7. Gershom, Scholem, Kabbalah (New York: Quadrangle/New York Times Book Co., 1973), p. 274.
  8. The Acts of Peter, translated by Wilhelm Schneemelcher, in W. Schneemelcher and Edgar Hennecke (eds.), New Testament Apocrypha, Volume II (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1965), p. 304.
  9. George Barton Cutten, The Psychological Phenomena of Christianity (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1908), pp. 65-66.
  10. Pinnock, Set Forth Your Case, p. 97.
  11. C. S. Lewis, Miracles (New York: Macmillan Co., 1974), p. 153.
  12. Dungan and Cartlidge, pp. 51, 52, 61, 278-279.
  13. Anderson, Evidence, p. 26.
  14. Frank Morison, Who Moved the Stone? (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978), p. 132.
  15. George Eldon Ladd, I Believe in the Resurrection of Jesus (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1975), p. 23.
  16. Michael Green, Man Alive! (Downers Grove: IVP, 1967), p. 38.
  17. David Hume, On Religion (New York: Meridian Books, 1964), p. 211.
  18. See, for instance, Reuben Archer Torrey, Difficulties in the Bible (Chicago: Moody Press, n.d.), p. 25; Harold Lindsell, The Battle for the Bible (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1976), p. 183.

Chapter 7

  1. Montgomery, History & Christianity, p. 78.
  2. C. S. Lewis, Mere Christianity (New York: Macmillan Co., 1977), p. 56.
  3. Ethelbert Stauffer, Jesus and His Story (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1960), pp. 183-184, cited in H. J. Schoeps, Paul, the Theology of the Apostle in the Light of Jewish Religious History (Philadelphia:



Westminster PRess, 1961), p. 161; cited by Edwin M. Yamauchi, “Passover Plot or Easter Triumph? A Critical Review of H. Schonfield’s Recent Theory,” Appendix A to John Warwick Montgomery (ed.), Christianity For the Tough-Minded (Minneapolis: Bethany Fellowship, 1973), pp. 267-268.

  1. Jon A. Buell and O. Quentin Hyder, Jesus: God, Ghost or Guru? (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978), pp. 34-36.
  2. Edwin M. Yamauchi, “Passover Plot or Easter Triumph?” in Montgomery, Christianity For the Tough-Minded, pp. 267-268.
  3. For the definitive discussion of Jewish binitarian heresies, see Alan F. Segal, Two Powers in Heaven, Early Rabbinic Reports About Christianity and Gnosticism (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1977).
  4. Pinnock, Set Forth Your Case, p. 89.
  5. Stott, Basic Christianity, 1959, p. 28.
  6. John R. W. Stott, Basic Christianity (Downers Grove: IVP, 1978), p. 23.
  7. Stott, Basic Christianity, 1959, p. 28.
  8. Geza Vermes, Jesus the Jew, A Historian’s View of the Gospels (Glasgow: Fontana/Collins, 1977), pp. 67-69.
  9. Mirza Abul-Fazi (ed.), Sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (New Delhi: Aware Publishing House, 1980), p. 35.
  10. George Carey, God Incarnate (Downers Grove: IVP, 1978), p. 14.
  11. Albert Schweitzer, Out of My Life and Thought (New York: Meridian Books, 1963), p. 186.

Chapter 8

  1. Arthur W. Pink, The Divine Inspiration of the Bible (Grand Rapids: Guardian Press, 1976), p. 96.
  2. J. I. Packer, ‘Fundamentalism’ and the Word of God (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1960), p. 152.
  3. David H. Kelsey, The Uses of Scripture in Recent Theology (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1975), pp. 17-24.
  4. John R. W. Stott, The Authority of the Bible (Downer’s Grove, IL: IVP, 1974), p. 23; see also Jacob A. O. Preus, It is Written (St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1971), pp. 45-46; see also Edward J. Carnell, The Case for Orthodox Theology (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1959), p. 44.
  5. Stott, Authority of the Bible, p. 27.
  6. Though even here care must be taken not to read one’s doctrine into such passages, as in an amazing piece of exegetical ventriloquism from the New Scofield Reference Bible. In a note on Luke 1:3 (“It seemed good to me also having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus….”), the editors throw context



to the wind and announce: “‘From the very first’ is from the Greek anothen and would be better rendered ‘from above.’… Luke’s use of anothen is an affirmation that his knowledge of these things… was confirmed by revelation” (p. 1075).

  1. Rudolf Bultmann, Jesus and the Word (New York: Charles Scriber’s Sons, 1958), pp. 61-62.
  2. Ibid., pp. 62-63, 74-75.
  3. Pinnock, Biblical Revelation, p. 135.
  4. Gerhard Maier, The End of the Historical-Critical Method (St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1977), p. 15.
  5. Lindsell, p. 181.
  6. James I. Packer, “Hermeneutics and Biblical Authority,” in Themelios (Autumn 1975), pp. 3-12.
  7. Pinnock, Biblical Revelation, p. 213.
  8. “The Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy,” prepared by the Internation Council on Biblical Inerrancy, 1978. (Mimeographed.)
  9. John Warwick Montgomery, “The Fuzzification of Biblical Inerrancy,” in Montgomery, Faith Founded on Fact (New York: Thomas Nelson, 1978), p. 225.
  10. Ranald MacAulay and Jerram Barrs, Being Human: The Nature of Spiritual Experience (Downers Grove: IVP, 1978), p. 212.
  11. Montgomery, Faith Founded on Fact, p. 225.
  12. Walter Kaufmann, The Faith of a Heretic (Garden City, NY: Duobleday, 1963), p. 116.
  13. John H. Gerstner, “The Message of the Word,” in Merrill C. Tenny (ed.), The Bible– The Living Word of Revelation (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1976), p. 170.
  14. Donald G. Bloesch, Essentials of Evangelical Theology, Vol. 1 (New York: Harper & Row, 1978), pp. 62-63.
  15. Bloesch, Evangelical Renaissance, p. 93.
  16. Bloesch, Essentials, p. 55.
  17. Ibid., p. 63
  18. Ibid., p. 68.
  19. Ibid., p. 69.

Chapter 9

  1. J. I. Packer, Keep Yourselves from Idols (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1965), p. 17.
  2. Clark H. Pinnock, “Evangelical Theology and the Liberal Experiment” (Forum Tapes and Theological Students Fellowship). (Tape)
  3. David F. Wells, The Search for Salvation (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 1978), p. 91.
  4. Pinnock, “Evangelical Theology and the Liberal Experiment.”



  1. On this question, see the helpful discussion in Coleman, pp. 73-104.
  2. Carl F. H. Henry, God, Revelation, and Authority, Vol. 1, p. 49.
  3. Pinnock, “Evangelical Theology and the Liberal Experiment.”
  4. Kraft, Christianity in Culture, Chapter 15, “Dynamic-Equivalence Theologizing,” pp. 291-312.
  5. Packer, Keep Yourself From Idols, pp. 11, 12.
  6. Dennis Nineham, “Epilogue,” in John Hick (ed.), The Myth of God Incarnate (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1977), p. 188.
  7. Thomas J. J. Altizer, The Gospel of Christian Atheism (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1966), p. 10.
  8. Fritz Buri, How Can We Still Speak Responsibly of God? (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1968), p. 3.
  9. Kenneth Hamilton, Revolt Against Heaven (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1965), p. 91.
  10. Pinnock, Biblical Revelation, p. 29.
  11. Rudolf Bultmann, Jesus Christ and Mythology (New York: Charles Scribern’s Sons, 1958), p. 37.
  12. H. Richard Niebuhr, The Meaning of Revelation (New York: Macmillan Co., 1974), p. 13.
  13. Hamilton, p. 15.
  14. Pinnock, Biblical Revelation, p. 109.
  15. Gordon D. Kaufman, God the Problem (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1973), pp. 6-7.
  16. Hamilton, pp. 176-177.
  17. Francis A. Schaeffer, The Church Before the Watching World (Downers Grove: IVP, 1971), p. 12.
  18. Clark H. Pinnock, A Defense of Biblical Infallibility (n.p.: Presbyterian & Reformed Publishing Co., 1975), p. 7.
  19. Ladd, New Testament and Criticism, p. 159.
  20. R. T. France, I Came to Set the Earth on Fire (Downers Grove: IVP, 1976), p. 33.
  21. John Duff, “Religion Courses: Take ’em and leve ’em (with your faith intact),” His, December 1982, p. 6.
  22. Howkins, p. 44.
  23. Rudolf Bultmann, “Is Exegesis Without Presuppositions Possible?” in Schubert M. Ogden (ed.), Existence and Faith: The Shorter Writings of Rudolf Butlmann (New York: Meridian Books, 1964), pp. 291, 292.
  24. C. S. Lewis, “Modern Theology and Biblical Criticism” in C. S. Lewis, Christian Refletions (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1980), p. 153.
  25. C. S. Lewis, “Miracles” in C. S. Lewis, God in the Dock (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1973), p. 31.



  1. Antony Flew, God and Philosophy (New York: Dell Publishing Co., 1966), Chapter 7, “Miracle and History,” pp. 140-158; Van A. Harvey, Historian and Believer.
  2. Bultmann, Jesus and the Word, p. 173.
  3. John Nevius, Demon Possession (Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1968), p. 344.
  4. Rudolf Otto, The Kingdom of God and the Son of Man (Boston: Starr King Press, 1957), pp. 333-334.
  5. Oral Roberts, The Call (New York: Avon Books, 1973), pp. 37-38.
  6. See for examples Gershom Scholem, Sabbatai Sevi, The Mystical Messiah, p. 411; Henry Ansgar Kelly, pp. 94-95; Andrew D. White, A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom (New York: George Braziller, 1955), Vol. II, pp. 5-22.
  7. Lewis, “Modern Theology and Biblical Criticism,” pp. 154, 155.
  8. The zeal and ingenuity of conservative evangelical scholars in dismantling the miracles and exploding the scriptures of non-Christian and extra-biblical traditions is worthy of the most skeptical gospel critic. See Benjamin Breckenridge Warfield, Counterfeit Miracles (London: Banner of Truth Trust, 1972); George W. Peters, Indonesia Revival: Focus on Timor (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1973), Chapter 4, “The Miracle Phenomena of the Revival,” pp. 57-85; Yamauchi, Jesus, Zoroaster, Socrates, Buddha, Muhammad; Gordon Fraser, What Does the Book of Mormon Teach? (Chicago: Moody Press, 1964). One exception might be John Warwick Montgomery, Principalities and Powers, where against the modern anti-supernaturalist bias, Montgomery defends not only the biblical miracles but also other phenomena including leprechauns, werewolves, and alchemy. He comes closer than anyone else to arguing that legends are impossible.
  9. Bloesch, Essentials, p. 78.
  10. Henry, God, Revelation, and Authority, Vol. 2, p. 289.
  11. John Warwick Montgomery, The Suicide of Christian Theology (Minneapolis: Bethany Fellowship, 1975), pp. 331, 106.
  12. Francis A. Schaeffer, The God Who is There (Downers Grove: IVP, 1977), p. 79.
  13. Howkins, p. 41
  14. Schaeffer, The God Who is There, p. 47.
  15. Ibid., p. 105.
  16. Paul Tillich, Biblical Religion and the Search for Ultimate Reality (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1972), p. vii.
  17. Schubert M. Ogden, The Reality of God (New York: Harper & Row, 1977), p. 184.
  18. Maurice Wiles, The Remaking of Christian Theology (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1978), p. 38.



  1. Clark H. Pinnock and David F. Wells, “Preface,” in Pinnock and Wells (eds.), Toward a Theology for the Future, p. 7.
  2. Clark H. Pinnock, “Prospects for Systematic Theology,” in Toward a Theology for the Future, p. 96.
  3. Thomas C. Oden, Agenda for Theology (New York: Harper & Row, 1979), p. 50.
  4. Packer, “Hermeneutics and Biblical Authority,” p. 3.
  5. Bloesch, Essentials, Vol. 1., p. 121.
  6. Ibid., p. 139.

Chapter 10

  1. Barr, Fundamentalism, pp. vi-vii (“Preface to the American Edition”).
  2. Richard Mouw, “New Alignments,” in Peter L. Berger and Ricahrd John Neuhaus, Against the World For the World (New York: Seabury Press, 1976), pp. 109-110. Richard Quebedeaux has essentially the same list of the distinguishing marks of Evangelicalism in his The Young Evangelicals (New York: Harper & Row, 1974): “(1) the complete reliability and final authority of Scripture in matters of faith and practice; (2) the necessity of a personal faith in Jesus Christ as Savior from sin and consequent commitment to him as Lord; and (3) the urgency of seeking actively the conversion of sinners to Christ” (p. 4).
  3. Paul Tillich, The Theology of Culture (New York: Oxford University Press, 1977), p. 170.
  4. Wilfred Cantwell Smith, The Faith of Other Men (New York: New American Library, 1965), pp. 119, 123.
  5. Bill Lane Doulos, “Mere Orthodoxy,” in Sojourners (December 1976), p. 25.
  6. See two very instructive works of sympathetic criticism: Clark H. Pinnock, “Schaefferism as a world View,” in Sojourners (July 1977), pp. 32-35; and Thomas V. Morris, Francis Schaeffer’s Apologetics: A Critique (Chicago: Moody Press, 1976).
  7. Flo Conway and Jim Siegelman, Snapping: America’s Epidemic of Sudden Personality Change (New York: J. B. Lippincott, 1978), pp. 44-45.
  8. Alan Watts, Beyond Theology (New York: Vintage Books, 1973), p. 83.
  9. Gerald T. Sheppard, “Biblical Hermeneutics: The Academic Language of Evangelical Identity,” in Union Seminary Quarterly Review (Winter 1977), p. 84.
  10. Barr gives some interesting hints about the contours of a “modern doctrine of verbal inspiration” in both Fundamentalism (pp. 293-296) and The Bible in the Modern World (pp. 178-179).
  11. Paul Holmer, in David F. Wells and John P. Woodbridge (eds.), The Evangelicals (New York: Abingdon Press, 1975), pp. 72-73.



  1. Bloesch, Essentials, p. 121.
  2. Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Neo-Orthodoxy (Chicago: Moody Press, 1969), p. 49.
  3. Clark Pinnock, “The Inerrancy Debate Among the Evangelicals” (Vancouver, BC, [n.d.]). (Mimeographed.)
  4. Daniel Fuller, “The Nature of Biblical Inerrancy,” in The Journal of the American Scientific Affiliation (June 1972), p. 47.
  5. R. C. Sproul, in James Montgomery Boice (ed.), The Foundation of Biblical Authority (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978), p. 115.
  6. Barr, The Bible and the Modern World, pp. 173-174.
  7. Fuller, “The Nature of Biblical Inerrancy,” p. 50.
  8. John Goldingay, “Inspiration, Infallibility and Criticism,” in The Churchman (January-March 1976), p. 20.
  9. David M. Scholer, “The Authority and Character of Scripture: A Brief Statement of Position,” 1978, p. 2. (Mimeographed.)
  10. Goldingay, p. 15.
  11. James D. G. Dunn, Unity and Diversity in the New Testament (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1977), p. 376.
  12. Ibid., p. 381.
  13. Ibid..
  14. Ibid., p. 383.
  15. Does Paul Jewett of Fuller Seminary violate my canon criterion for Evangelicalism in his book Man as Male and Female (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1975)? He invited much criticism for rejecting Pauline statements on women in favor of what he considered to be the chief Pauline thrust on the question– Galatians 3:28. Jewett has claimed that instead of “breaking the analogy of scripture” himself, it was Paul who broke it with his subordinationist statements. I believe that what Jewett is doing is subtly but significantly different from Käsemann’s “canon-within-the-canon.” Instead of rejecting one New Testament writer altogether, Jewett intends to bracket some statements of a writer (Paul) which are not consistent with the writer’s own main theme. Thus to be able to speak of Paul’s New Testament witness at all, one must in this case employ “Sachkritik,” or content criticism, or be left with an unconnected collection of Pauline sentences. Needless to say, the picture would change if Jewett came to consider the Pastorals (which contain the offensive texts) as deutero-Pauline.

    To approach the question from a slightly different angle, it might be said that Jewett sees the “analogy of scripture” as the “larger picture” or “general trend” of scripture. Against the general backdrop of biblical thought, one might be able to spot some minor deviant elements. To drop them in light of the larger picture would then be to preserve rather than to violate the analogy of faith. The authority of “the Bible as a whole” does not necessarily mean that every single verse is authoritative, but rather that the picture formed by biblical teaching in general is authoritative. Note the difference between this notion and that of Käsemann who doubts that there is any “general picture” at all.

[Editor’s Note: There are additional foonotes at the end of the Appendix. In the original print version, these footnotes were included in the Appendix and not the Footnotes section. This arrangement is preserved in the HTML version.]

[Table Of Contents]

“Beyond Born Again: Towards Evangelical Maturity” is copyright © 1993 by Robert M. Price. All rights reserved.

The electronic version is copyright © 1997 by Internet Infidels with the written permission of Robert M. Price.