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Richard Carrier Sci

Scientific Studies

(Bibliography of Skepticism in the Ancient World) (1998)

Richard Carrier

(copyright 1999)


Scientific Studies

Biddle, Bruce Jesse, and Marlin, Marjorie M., “Causality, Confirmation, Credulity, and Structural Equation Modeling,” in Child Development, Vol. 58, Feb., 1987, pp. 4-17.

Bower, Bruce, “True Believers: the Thinking Person May Favor Gullibility Over Skepticism,” in Science News, Vol. 139, January 5, 1991, pp. 14-15.

Chambers, William V., “Personal Construct Integrative Complexity and the Credulous Approach,” in Psychological Reports, Vol. 57, Dec. 1985, p. 1202.

Cozzens, Michael D., and Contractor, Noshir S., “The Effect of Conflicting Information on Media Skepticism,” in Communication Research, Vol. 14, Aug., 1987, pp. 437-51.

Ditto, Peter H., and Lopez, David F., “Motivated Skepticism: Use of Differential Decision Criteria for Preferred and Nonpreferred Conclusions,” in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 63, Oct., 1992, pp. 568-84.

Feder, Kenneth L., “Spooks, Spirits, and College Students,” in The Humanist, Vol. 45, May/June, 1985, p. 17-19.

Frost, Randy O.; Krause, Meredith S., and McMahon, Mary J., “Compulsivity and Superstitiousness,” in Behaviour Research and Therapy, Vol. 31, May, 1993, pp. 423-5.

How We Know What Isn’t So: The Fallibility of Human Reason in Everyday Life, Thomas Gilovich, New York, The Free Press, 1993, 216 p.

Gmelch, George, “Superstition and Ritual in American Baseball,” in Elysian Fields Quarterly: The Baseball Review, Vol. 11, No. 3, 1992, pp. 25-36.

Goodenough, Ward H., “Evolution of the Human Capacity for Beliefs,” in American Anthropologist, Vol. 92, No. 3, 1990, pp. 597-612.

Goody, J., “Kernel of Doubt,” in Royal Anthropological Institute, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1996, pp. 667-681.

Grimmer, M. R., and White, K. D., “Nonconventional Beliefs Among Australian Science and Nonscience Students,” in The Journal of Psychology, Vol. 126, Sept. 1992, pp. 521-8.

Harrell, Stevan, “Modes of Belief in Chinese Folk Religion,” in Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. 16, March, 1977, pp. 55-65.

The Psychology of Religious Doubt, Philip M. Helfaer, Boston, Beacon Press, 1972, 345 p.

Hoelter, John W., “Race Differences in Selective Credulity and Self-Esteem,” in The Sociological Quarterly, Vol. 23, Autumn, 1982, pp. 527-37.

Hudson, Luanne, “East is East and West is West? A Regional Comparison of Cult Belief Patterns,” in Cult Archaeology and Creationism, Iowa City, University of Iowa Press, 1995, pp. 49-67.

Hutchby, Ian, “The Pursuit of Controversy: Routine Skepticism in Talk on ‘Talk Radio’,” in Sociology, Vol. 26, Nov., 1992, pp. 673-94.

Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases, Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic, and Amos Tversky (editors), New York, Cambridge University Press, 1982, 555 p.

Klass, Morton, “When ‘God Can Do Anything’: Belief Systems in Collision,” in Anthropology of Consciousness, Vol. 2, No. 1-2, 1991, pp. 32-34.

Eyewitness Testimony: Psychological Perspectives, Elizabeth Loftus and Gary Wells, New York, Cambridge University Press, 1984, 374 p.

Otis, Laura P., and Alcock, James E., “Factors Affecting Extraordinary Belief,” in The Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 118, October, 1982, pp. 77-85.

Toward a Phenomenology of the Experience of Religious Doubts, Lallene Jeanine Rector, Boston University, 1986, 598 p.

Rozin, Paul; Markwith, Maureen, and Nemeroff, Carol, “Magical Contagion Beliefs and Fear of AIDS,” in Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 22, July 16, 1992, pp. 1081-92.

Shreeve, James, “Machiavellian Monkeys (the sneaky skills of our primate cousins suggest that we may owe our great intelligence to an inherited need to deceive)” in Discover, June 1991, pp. 69-73.

Tobacyk, Jerome J., “Paranormal Beliefs, Alienation and Anomie in College Students,” in Psychological Reports, Vol. 57, December, 1985 (part 1), pp. 844-6.

___, “Superstition and Beliefs About the Prediction of Future Events,” in Psychological Reports, Vol. 68, April, 1991, pp. 511-12.


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