Although the works of many early critics of the Church were burned by Christian emperors or were otherwise destroyed in the second and third centuries, the major work of the Greek philosopher, Celsus, is an exception. His polemical attack on the beliefs and practices of Christianity, On the True Doctrine, written around 178 A.D., is one of the earlist surviving documents of its kind. Preserved almost in its entirety within Contra Celsum, a counter-polemic written by Origen of Alexandria, On the True Doctrine provides an accurate portrait of the attitudes of most detached pagan observers of the time: interested in the latest religious trends, but suspicious of the religious enthusiasm and the newer proselytizing sects of the empire. Professor Hoffmann’s lucid reconstruction of Celsus’ treatise, based on the thirteenth-century manuscript archetype of Contra Celsum found in the Vatican Library, is the first modern English translation of this classic work of antiquity. An extensive introduction and numerous explanatory notes make the text completely accessible to students as well as to scholars of religious history and philosophy.