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John J Ray

John J Ray, atheist, musician, retired attorney (JD, University of Michigan) and economist (PhD University of California, Riverside), lives in rural Indiana with his wife and is the father of three sons.

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Job Reconsidered

Job is the ultimate biblical hero. His long-suffering and unflinching faith is legendary and the stuff of great sermons and Sunday school lessons, and in the end Job is rewarded for his continued faith in the face of adversity. The standard interpretation of Job is that we should use him as a role model, accept adversity unquestionably, and never question God. But a critical interpretation reveals that God was the villain of the book, undeserving of Job's—or anyone's—devotion.