Support Us! 2014 Internet Infidels Fundraising Drive / $36,687.89 of $40,000.00

The Secular Web is owned and operated by Internet Infidels Inc., a 501(c)(3) nonprofit educational organization dedicated to promoting and defending a naturalistic worldview on the Internet.

As defined by Paul Draper, naturalism is "the hypothesis that the natural world is a closed system, which means that nothing that is not a part of the natural world affects it." Thus, "naturalism implies that there are no supernatural entities"—including God.
Gather around the Kiosk for thought-provoking articles, informal essays, reviews, humor, satire, fiction, opinions, and fascinating memes.
Browse the Secular Web Library, the worlds largest online collection of literature on the philosophy of religion, religions skepticism, and atheism where you will find defenses of the naturalistic worldview and critiques of religion.
Explore the Secular Web...
Quotation of the Minute
"It seems to me that it could simply be denied that it is appropriate to describe the universe as an entity which 'pops into existence' or which 'begins to exist' even if it is true that the universe is temporally finite. Suppose we think of the universe as a distribution of properties over an at-least-four-dimensional finite manifold. (So we shall be B-series theorists and substantivalists.) Among the questions we need to answer, there are the following: (i) does the manifold in question have any boundaries?; (ii) if the manifold does have boundaries, are these boundaries open or closed?; (iii) if the universe does have boundaries, does time extend all the way to these boundaries (or is it a local phenomenon, restricted to some sub-portion of the manifold)? Suppose--to consider just one epistemically possible option--that the universe is bounded and closed, but that time is a local phenomenon. Then it could surely turn out to be the case that there is nothing which begins to exist which does not have a cause, and yet that the universe--which is not itself an entity in time--does not begin to exist (and hence does not need a cause to explain how it 'pops into existence'). Even in a temporally finite universe, there needn't be any uncaused events--for the time-series might be appropriately modelled by an open interval on the real number line." Graham Oppy, "Reply to Professor Craig" (1995)