You can dismiss the support request pop up for 4 weeks (28 days) if you want to be reminded again. Or you can dismiss until our next donations drive (typically at the beginning of October). Before you dismiss, please consider making a donation. Thanks!
One Time
$5/month (US)
$10/month (US)
Support II via AmazonSmile Internet Infidels Needs Your Support!
dismiss for   28 days   1 year   info
2017 Internet Infidels Fundraising Drive / $35,052.22 of $40,000.00
Support Us! By providing information which is nearly impossible to find elsewhere, the Secular Web has sought to level the playing field by offering arguments and evidence challenging supernatural beliefs. In an ocean of religious confusion, help us maintain a drop of sanity!
87.63%
 

Secular Web Kiosk and Bookstore

[ Recently Published Articles | Editor's Choice | Featured Books | Search | Categories ]

Rational Mothers and Infidel Gentlemen: Gender and American Atheism, 1865-1915

Evelyn Kirkley

Calling themselves "Freethinkers," self-proclaimed liberals organized across the United States after the Civil War to oppose endorsement of Christianity as the national religion. Heralding a trinity of science, rationalism, and progress, these atheists and agnostics advocated the complete separation of church and state. They were self-conscious prototypes of the modern, secular American and counted among their numbers Robert G. Ingersoll, Francis E. Abbott, Moses Harman, Matilda Joslyn Gage, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

In Rational Mothers and Infidel Gentlemen, Evelyn Kirkley shows that, despite the fact that several prominent women's righs workers were also Freethinkers, the Freethough movement was ambivalent about gender. Their understanding of gender was complex, ranging from biological determinism to historic constructionism. Kirkley writes that "Freethinkers" accepted, rejected, and synthesized late Victorian gender norms, at once struggling to achieve social and political respect and remain faithful to their principles. Most intriguing, she concludes, is their debate over man- and womanhood, which was a precursor to the late-twentieth-century gender controversy in the academy, another institution prizing science, rationalism, and progress.

Editions (via Amazon):
  Paperback

Categories:
  Freethought

Top
Support Us